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African Teachers  Association-USA

(A.T.A.)

2510 Hamilton Avenue ,Baltimore , MD 21214 .Tel: 443-744-5328

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African Teachers  Association-USA

(A.T.A.)

2510 Hamilton Avenue ,Baltimore , MD 21214 .Tel: 443-744-5328

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Principles of Learning and Teaching


Answer
Bandera, Albert
Theroy: Social Learning Theory
Bruner, Jerome
Theories: Discovery Learning & Constructivism
Dewey, John
Theory: Learning through Experience
Erikson, Erik
Theory - 8 stages of human development
Gilligan, carol
Theory: stages of the Ethic of care
Kohlberg, Lawrence
Theory of Moral development:
Maslow, Abraham
Theory: Hierarchy of needs
Montessori, Maria
Theory: Follow the Child
Piaget, Jean
Stages of Cognitive Development -
Skinner, b.F
Operant conditioning - changes in behavior is response to stimuli. when rewarded, response increases
Vygotsky,Lev
Zone of Proximal Development & Social Development theory of learning. & Scaffolding.
Zone of Proximal Development
Find where student is at currently, and adult or peer teaches something they couldn't learn by themselves.
Social development theory
social interaction influences cognitive development
Constructivism
People construct their own understanding of the world they live in through reflection on experiences
Discovery learning
methods that enable students to discover information by themselves or in groups
Extrinsic Motivation
Motivation that comes from outside a person, stickers, charts, rewards
Intrinsic Motivation
Motivation that comes from within: Ex; helping students see what they've learned, giving time to reflect.
learned helplessness
passive learner dependent on others
metacognition
thinking about your own thinking. Ex. Explaining your thought process used to solve a problem
readiness to learn
basic needs are met, and the student is cognitively ready for development appropriate instruction
Scaffolding
Instructional support provided to student by teacher or more capable peer. As student learns, support is withdrawn.
Schema
a concept in the mind about events, scenarios, actions, objects that have been acquired from past experiences. Used to associate new information with old so learning can occur.
transfer
apply a lesson learned to new situation.